Rilwan Usman, Jasini Waida, Sunday I Ikpughul and Kabiru Sulaiman Madaki
J. Chem. Res. Adv., 03 (02):29-35
Rilwan Usman : Department of Physics, Nigerian Army University, Biu.
Jasini Waida : Department of Physics, Borno State University, Maiduguri
Sunday I Ikpughul : Department of Physics, Nigerian Army University, Biu, Borno State, Nigeria
Kabiru Sulaiman Madaki : Department of Sciences Laboratory Technology, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
Aim: This study was aimed to unveil the extent to which K40, Ra226, and Th232 transfers from soil to water and various species of food crops in Barkin Ladi and Mangu of Plateau State, Nigeria.
Method and Materials: Soil, water and vegetable samples were pair collected. A simple systematic random sampling technique was used to select twelve (12) soil sample, twelve (12) edible plant sample, and twelve (12) water samples were taken and immediately transferred into a high-density polyethylene zip lock-plastic bag to prevent cross contamination and processed.
Results: The TF for different trace elements in soil-water for Barkin Ladi decreased in the order of 232Th (0.970) >40K (0.960) >226Ra (0.945). Meanwhile that of Mangu decreased in the order of of232Th (0.947) >226Ra (0.939) >40K (0.916). The total TF for different trace elements in soil-edible plants for Barkin Ladi decreased in the order of 232Th (0.905) >40K (0.897) >226Ra (0.793). Meanwhile that of Mangu decreased in the order of 40K (0.882) >232Th (0.838) >226Ra (0.809).Conclusion: It was concluded that the water and edible plants in the study area were good for public consumption but with regulatory control in order to prevent the populace of the areas long term cancer effects, even though, researches of geo-accumulation index and contamination factor of the radioactive trace elements in the study areas are recommended.