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Original research (Published On: 23-Jan-2023 )

Carcinogenic effects of accumulation of trace elements in water and edible plants of Jos East and Jos South, Plateau State, Nigeria

Rilwan Usman, Jasini Waida, Umar Ibrahim, Goki N G and Samson Dauda Yusuf

J. Chem. Res. Adv., 04 (01):01-09

Rilwan Usman : Department of Physics, Nigerian Army University, Biu.

Jasini Waida : Department of Physics, Borno State University, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

Umar Ibrahim : Department of Physics, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Goki N G : Department of Geology and Mining, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Samson Dauda Yusuf : Department of Physics, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

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Article History: Received on: 09-Nov-22, Accepted on: 15-Jan-23, Published on: 23-Jan-23

Corresponding Author: Rilwan Usman

Email: rilwan.usman@naub.edu.ng

Citation: Waida J, Umaru I, Goki NG, Yusuf SD and Rilwan U (2023). Carcinogenic effects of accumulation of trace elements in water and edible plants of Jos East and Jos South, Plateau State, Nigeria. J. Chem. Res. Adv., 04 (01 ):01-09


Abstract

Aim: This study was aimed to unveil the activity concentration of radioactive trace elements (40K, 226Ra and 232Th) in soil, water and edible plants and assess their carcinogenic role to biological tissue.

Method and Materials: The samples were Soil, water and vegetable samples were pair collected. A random sampling technique was used to select twelve (12) soil sample, twelve (12) edible plant sample, and twelve (12) water samples each from the Jos East and Jos South local governments of Plateau State. Seventy-two (72) samples in all were analyzed in this study. Vegetables’ rooted samples were collected at 0-20 cm depth.

Results: The Geo-Accumulated Index (Igeo) for various trace elements showed slight variations between the locations. The geo-accumulation index of soil in Jos East decreased in the order of 232Th (7.632) >226Ra (3.812) >40K (4.727). Soil in Jos South decreased in the order of  232Th (7.708) >226Ra (4.202) >40K (4.348). Water in Jos East decreased in the order of 232Th (7.581) >226Ra (3.738) >40K (4.689). Water in Jos South decreased in the order of  232Th (7.656) >226Ra (4.148) >40K (4.309). Edible plants in Jos East decreased in the order of 232Th (7.523) >226Ra (3.658) >40K (4.650). Edible plants in Jos South decreased in the order of 232Th (7.603) >226Ra (4.091) >40K (4.250).

Conclusion: It was concluded that water and such edible plants are to be prohibited for public consumption. Hence, strict radiological laws and orders in the study areas are recommended.


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